Corona Vaccine Update | How close are we to getting it
Since the Covid-19 Pandemic raged the world, we have been forced to go indoors, our cities have been on lockdown, businesses have been closed and most have shut down.
Normally, Health Experts would be called to swoop into action to find a Vaccine to help curb the pandemic from spreading further.
For a Vaccine to be developed under normal circumstances it takes up to a year or more.
But due to the effects, the disease is taking on the economies of nations and us as individuals a vaccine has been developed within months, though for us it seemed like forever.
Now The Vaccine developed by the biotechnology company Moderna in partnership with the National Institutes of Health has been found to induce immune responses in all of the volunteers who received it in a Phase 1 study.
The firstvaccine tested in the U.S. revved up people’s immune systems just the way scientists had hoped, researchers reported Tuesday. The shots are poised to begin key final testing.
“No matter how you slice this, this is good news,”, the U.S. government’s top infectious disease expert, told The Associated Press.
The experimental vaccine, developed by Fauci’s colleagues at the National Institutes of Health and, will start its most important step around July 27: A 30,000-person study to prove if the shots really are strong enough to protect against the coronavirus.
Why is a coronavirus vaccine important?
The virus spreads easily and the majority of the world’s population is still vulnerable to it. A vaccine would provide some protection by training people’s immune systems to fight the virus so they should not become sick.
This would allow lockdowns to be lifted more safely, and social distancing to be relaxed.
What sort of progress is being made?
Research is happening at breakneck speed. About 200 groups around the world are working on vaccines and 18 are now being tested on people in clinical trials.
- The first human trial data appears positive showing the first eight patients all produced antibodies that could neutralize the virus.
- A group in China showed a vaccine was safe and led to protective antibodies being made. It is being made available to the Chinese military.
- In Oxford, the first human trial in Europe has started with more than 800 recruits and has signed a deal with AstraZeneca to supply 100 million doses (30 million for the UK) if it works.
- And completely new approaches to vaccine development are in human trials.
However, no-one knows how effective any of these vaccines will be.
When will we have a coronavirus vaccine?
A vaccine would normally take years, if not decades, to develop. Researchers hope to achieve the same amount of work in only a few months.
After over six months of novel coronavirus outbreak, which has infected more than 12 million people and killed over 500,000 all over the world, the clinical trials of the purported world’s first coronavirus vaccine have been successfully completed.
The clinical trials of the world’s first coronavirus vaccine on volunteers at Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University have been successfully completed, Vadim Tarasov, the director of the Institute for Translational Medicine and Biotechnology, according to Russian news agency Sputnik, adding that the first group of volunteers would be discharged on 15 July and the second on 20 July.
The university began clinical trials of the vaccine produced by Russia’s Gamalei Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology on June 18.
How many people need to be vaccinated?
It is hard to know without knowing how effective the vaccine is going to be.
It is thought that 60-70% of people needed to be immune to the virus in order to stop it spreading easily (known as herd immunity).
But that would be billions of people around the world even if the vaccine worked perfectly.