A Complete Guide to Writing the Perfect Resume in 2020.
It is a known fact that sometimes writing a resume can be intimidating and frustrating, especially when you want to give an excellent first impression. But with the right guide, it will seem so easy to write. In this article, we aim to guide you on writing the perfect resume in 2020.
If you know what you are doing, writing a resume can be a piece of cake. This guide will give you complete step by step procedures in crafting your career document. We hope that after reading this guide, you will be able to craft out that perfect resume. First thing first, let’s know, “what is a resume?”.
What Is a Resume?
A resume is a summary of your work history, skills, and education. In a real sense, a resume is different than a curriculum vitae (CV). A CV is a complete look at your career, covering every aspect of your education, work, and experience without length restriction.
But a resume summarizes those experiences and skills and typically covers only ten years’ worth of employment. Unlike a CV, a resume should be tweaked and edited for each specific job you apply for, and it should be just one or two pages long.
A resume is the most requested document in any job search. Recruiters are more concerned about candidates’ resumes more closely than any other job application document. So let’s move on to how to structure it right. Let’s move forward to know the different types of resume that is allowed professionally.
Types of Resume
Profesional there are three main types of a resume;
- Chronological Resume
- Functional Resume
- Combination Resume
1. Chronological Resume
This is the most common kind of resume, and it what you have been using. A chronological resume is a type of resume that focuses on your recent work history.
You are listing your positions in reverse chronological order, with the most recent jobs at the top and the oldest ones at the bottom. Ultimately, the goal is to show how your positions leading up to this point have perfectly prepared you for the job you’re applying for.
2. Functional Resume
A functional resume, on the other hand, emphasizes the relevance of your experience. To create a functional resume, you’ll prominently feature your professional summary, skills, and work experience section organized by how closely the positions relate to the one you’re applying to. This format is best for those who want to minimize gaps or transition into a new industry.
3. Combination Resume
A combination resume borrows from both of the formats above. You’ll combine the professional summary and skills section of a functional resume with a chronological resume’s work experience section. This format is a powerful way to stand out to recruiters by emphasizing your experience and skills and is useful for many different job seekers.
Writing the Perfect Resume (Structure)
It is never possible for you and that of another job seekers’ resume to look alike. This is because some people use a different kind of structuring strategy. A resume must contain each of these structures below.
1. Header & Contact Info
At the top of your resume, always include a header containing your name. Your contact info, typically your; phone number, personal email address, and sometimes links to social media profiles, should also be included.
2. Professional Summary
The professional summary is a brief, one-to-three-sentence section featuring prominently on your resume that succinctly describes who you are, what you do, and why you’re perfect for the job. It is unnecessary, but it is an excellent way to give your recruiter an overview of who you are and why you are the right person for the job.
3. Skills Citation
The skills section has become more critical as recruiters and hiring managers are always looking for candidates with specialized backgrounds. Rather than making the folks reading your resume hunt through your bullet points to find your skills, it’s best to list them clearly for them to see.
If they see right away that you have the ability to get the job done, they’re much more likely to take your resume seriously.
4. Work Experience
This critical section of a resume shows your work history in a consistent and compelling format. The Work Experience section should include company names, locations, employment dates, roles and titles you held, and most importantly, bullet points containing action verbs and data points that detail each position and relevant accomplishments.
This portion is essential for recruiters and hiring managers, who look to absorb information about your career experiences and connect your skills to what they’re looking for in a potential hire.
Since many jobs require a certain level of education, it’s essential to mention your academic credentials on your resume. However, this section shouldn’t take up too much space. In most cases, you were listing where you went to the school when you attended, and what degree you attained will be sufficient.
6. Additional Experience
An optional but potentially precious addition to your resume is Additional Experience. This is a catch-all section at the tail end of your resume that allows you to highlight volunteer experience, awards, and hobbies. Again, it shouldn’t be too long — you don’t want it to detract from your skills or work experience — but it can be an excellent way to provide a more well-rounded picture of who you are.
7. A Resume Sample
Below are some of the necessary arrangement you need to use when crafting your resume;
- Use an easy-to-read font of no less than 11 pt.
- Add margins of at least .7 inches.
- Make sure there’s sufficient white space between sections.
- If you’re going to print out copies of your resume, invest in good paper, and use a high-quality printer.
- Don’t save your resume as a PDF unless the application says explicitly it accepts PDF files.
- Keep your resume to 1-2 pages max, unless you’re in a field like academia or medicine and must cite papers and publications.